Glenigan predicts that underlying construction starts in 2022 will be 3% above 2019 levels.
Glenigan’s data has had projects worth more than £100m removed to give a clearer view of the UK construction landscape, removing the distorting impact of the biggest projects.
Its 2021-2023 Construction Industry Forecast says that private housing growth will moderate, as unemployment rises and temporary stamp duty reductions end, but greater public sector investment in education, health and infrastructure will fuel recovery.
It also expects a rise in office refurbishment as premises are remodelled for post-pandemic working.
Although the UK construction experienced a significant dip in output during 2020, the first half of 2021 has seen a gradual rise towards pre-pandemic levels. The value of underlying project starts during the three months March to May 2021 rose by 20% compared to the previous three months, according to Glenigan, and was 70% higher than when the UK was in its first national lockdown a year ago.
After this sharp initial upturn, a steadier progressive strengthening in project starts is anticipated over the forecast period, it predicts. However, the recovery will not be evenly spread, with some regions and sectors performing better than others, reflecting a changing UK economic and social landscape.
Private housing moderates
Despite private house-building showing a 70% rise against 2020 in the first five months of this year, the market is expected to cool over the coming months as the temporary reduction in stamp duty is partially withdrawn from July before ending in September.
Higher unemployment and economic uncertainty are subsequently expected to restrain property transactions and house price inflation during 2022 and 2023.
Glenigan expects this to temper the rise in new activity, with project starts rising by 11% next year and 4% in 2023.
Public Sector Starts Up
Public sector building has seen positive indicators of recovery, with social housing, health, schools and infrastructure project starts up on 2020.
School project starts are forecast to rise 5% in 2021 and 14% in 2022, driving a recovery in sector activity as local authorities tackle a shortage of secondary school places. Work to deliver further education facilities is also forecast to rebound over the next two years due to increased government investment. The value of project starts is forecast to climb 8% in 2021 and 22% in 2022.
The outlook for the health sector is also brightening, with promised increases in NHS capital funding expected to lift project starts over the forecast period. Starts are expected to consolidate after last year’s growth before rising by 14% in 2022 and 6% in 2023 as NHS trusts develop and implement their investment programmes.
While civil engineering project starts, along with other sectors, were disrupted and delayed by the 2020 lockdown, the sector is set to recover strongly over the forecast period. Glenigan predicts underlying civils starts rising by 21% in 2021, falling marginally by 4% in 2022, rising again by 7% in 2023.
Office starts are forecast to largely recover this year from the sharp decline experienced as a result of the pandemic, but are forecast to remain flat for the rest of the forecast period. A rise in refurbishment projects are expected to boost project-starts in 2021 as tenants and landlords adapt premises to accommodate changing working practices.
Across the sector, underlying starts fell 32% in 2020 but started 2021 strongly, with a 48% increase during the five months to May, compared with the previous year.
The underlying development pipeline is strong, however, and remained so throughout the pandemic. However, weaker economic conditions and potential structural changes in occupiers’ accommodation requirements are expected to prompt the delay or reappraisal of a number of projects currently in the development pipeline.
Overall, Glenigan anticipates the value of office project starts will largely recover from the fall experienced last year, before falling 3% in 2022 and increasing 1% in 2023.
Glenigan economic director Allan Wilen said: “There are definitely reasons to be cheerful and the forecast provides a good indication that the construction industry is returning to pre-Covid levels of activity. However, the sector faces a number of challenges ahead. Particularly, the current shortage of construction materials highlights the potential impact of supply-side constraints on the pace of the recovery over the next two years.”
He concluded: “Contractors will need to be agile in a post-Covid landscape, evolving with emerging opportunities, for example, an increasing numbers of retrofit projects over new build in the commercial sector. They will also need to mitigate a number of external risks, reinforce supply chains, as well as adapting to the changing regulatory framework and digital transformation. Indicators suggest we’re now entering a disruptive era in construction, but equally, an exciting one.”