Among the claimants is Heathrow Hub Ltd, an organisation proposing that Heathrow Airport is expanded via an extension to the northern runway instead of building a new third runway.
The extended northern runway (ENR) is a rival scheme for Heathrow expansion and was deemed viable by the Airports Commission.
Heathrow Hub contends that the process run by the Department for Transport, which began when it set up the Airports Commission in 2013 and culminated in the national policy statement (NPS) being placed before parliament, was flawed and unlawful. As a result, by selecting Heathrow Airport Ltd’s northwest runway (NWR) proposal, transport secretary Chris Grayling has selected the most expensive plan.
Under the judicial review, under section 13 of the Planning Act 2008, the secretary of state is the defendant and Heathrow Airport Ltd is added as an interested party.
Heathrow Hub and its sister company Runway Innovations Ltd, have brought their case against Chris Grayling based on four grounds, set out in its skeleton argument submitted to the court:
1. Competition – Breach of Article 106(1) Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union TFEU read in conjunction with Article 102 TFEU
"We claim that the secretary of state acted unlawfully in making it an effective precondition of selecting Heathrow Hub’s ENR scheme that Heathrow Airport guarantee that it would implement the scheme. This effectively gave Heathrow Airport Ltd, which was a competitor to the ENR Scheme, a veto over Heathrow Hub’s proposal. It was unlawful for the secretary of state, under Article 106 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, read in conjunction with Article 102, to impose such a requirement or condition."
2. Legitimate Expectation
"We claim that, in rejecting Heathrow Hub’s proposal for the ENR scheme, the secretary of state acted in breach of Heathrow Hub’s legitimate expectation that the secretary of state would not reject the ENR scheme relying (solely or in part) on Heathrow Airport Ltd's failure to give a guarantee that it would implement the ENR scheme if the secretary of state found it to be the most suitable scheme."
3. Failure to provide intelligible reasons on capacity
"We claim that, in accepting Heathrow Airport Ltd's NWR scheme and rejecting the ENR scheme, the secretary of state had regard to an immaterial consideration, namely his factually incorrect assumption that the NWR scheme provided greater capacity for air traffic movements (ATMs) and more respite (pauses for local residents from noise exposure), and/or he failed to have regard to a material consideration, namely the evidence which demonstrated that the ENR scheme provided for at least the same capacity in terms of ATMs as the NWR scheme and that the NWR scheme could not in practice deliver the levels of respite attributed to it, while the ENR scheme could at least match it or deliver greater respite."
4. Failure to provide intelligible reasons on safety and delay
"In rejecting the ENR scheme, the secretary of state claimed that the ENR scheme, ‘has no direct global precedent,’ and concluded that resulted in greater uncertainty as to what measures would be needed to ensure the airport can operate safely. We claim that this reason for the rejection of the ENR scheme was based on nothing more than assertion and speculation and was also contrary to all of the evidence presented to the secretary of state on the issues of safety and deliverability. Heathrow Hub has completed a thorough and independent safety review with aviation experts and the CAA, while no such review has been carried out for the NWR scheme. Furthermore, ENR can be built in phases and as it is cheaper and simpler to build, would be operational before the NWR scheme, even at this late stage.”
Heathrow Hub’s element of the judicial review is expected to be heard towards the end of the two-week hearing, on Wednesday 20th March, Thursday 21st March and Friday 22nd of March.