Schemes set to start in 2017/18 include smart motorways between junctions three and five on the M20 near Maidstone, and on the M6 around Coventry.
Work will also start before the end of the year on the M23 junctions 8-10 and M27 junctions 4-11.
Meanwhile, work continues on a further 16 schemes currently in construction. These include the £1.4bn Cambridge to Huntingdon scheme.
Highways England will also use extra £220m investment announced in the 2016 autumn statement to improve safety and capacity at congested roundabouts, junctions and slip roads.