Even ignoring the whole carbon offsetting thing (giving money to tree planting schemes etc), the term ‘net zero carbon’ might not be as useful as many suppose.
Sustainability experts at Nottingham surveyors Focus Consultants question whether the lack of an agreed definition for net zero carbon – or NZC – is hampering the built environment’s decarbonisation efforts.
In June 2019, the UK government announced its goal to reach NZC by 2050 – as recommended by the UK’s independent climate advisor, the Committee on Climate Change (CCC), following the 2016 Paris Agreement.
It is estimated that nearly three-quarters of local authorities across the country are now taking action to achieve NZC in line with the government’s target.
However, the UK government NZC definition does not include imports, in contrast to the UK Green Building Council definition, which expects the entire supply chain emissions to be net zero.
“This raises the question of whether a building that achieves NZC adhering to the UK government’s definition and excludes emissions associated with imported products can be seen as NZC in line with the UKBGC,” said Focus managing partner Jason Redfearn.
“Public bodies such as local authorities are typically aligning their definition of NZC with the central government’s, so should those bodies wish to construct a NZC building, which definition should be used? It is unclear if such questions are being tackled.”
He continued: “It should also be noted that the UKGBC definition addresses only selected life cycle stages of a building. Although updated versions are expected, at present the definition includes only supply chain or capital emissions and operational emissions. It excludes carbon associated with life cycle stages such as replacement, refurbishment and end of life.
“This could mean that buildings described as being NZC are, in reality, not achieving this status with calculated whole life emissions being artificially low.
“To add further uncertainty, the World Green Building Council (WGBC) has adopted two additional definitions of NZC that account for operational emissions and whole life carbon emissions separately. The uncertainty created by so many definitions of NZC could be an obstruction to the decarbonisation in the built environment.”