With its prominent site at the head of the fast flowing River Calder, this modern building pushes the tolerances of architectural design. To protect against the external environment, including cold transfer from the river, and create the perfect internal environment for visitors to the gallery, high performance insulation was required. Leading PIR manufacturer Celotex demonstrated it had a range of solutions that would provide the thermal performance the gallery required.
Designed by award winning architect David Chipperfield and built by main contractor Laing O’Rourke, the 5,000m² gallery will play a vital role in the redevelopment of the Wakefield Waterfront. The two-storey building is formed from a conglomeration of 10 individually sized trapezoidal shaped blocks, responding to the scale and rooflines of the surrounding small scale industrial buildings.
The steel framed concrete building has been designed to withstand the impact of a fast flowing river and as such the walls had to be reinforced to almost reservoir standard. The gallery walls float 30 millimetres above the floor, so hidden supports had to be constructed to support the magnesite floor. For a project where it was essential to protect the structure from the elements particularly the cold river water and fluctuating water levels, subcontractor Crown House installed 2,300 m² of 75mm thick GA4000 as lining for the concrete walls and 1,800m² of 50mm thick Celotex FF4000 as high performance thermal insulation for the underfloor heating system.
Made from PIR (polyisocyanurate) with foil facers for improved emissivity, Celotex GA4000 and FF4000 both achieve an excellent lambda of 0.022W/mK, a figure validated by the BBA (British Board of Agrement). Helping the project meet the desired U-values whilst meeting strict levels of energy efficiency, these products have been independently assessed by BRE Global and confirmed as achieving a low environmental impact, through its BRE Approved Environmental Profile. Celotex GA4000 has also been awarded an A+ rating when compared to the BRE Green Guide 2008.
In a building with such high tolerances, heat loss would be high without a thermally efficient solution. So when it came to floor insulation, 50mm thick Celotex FF4000 was laid on the structural base then covered in poured concrete. Designed for use in internal underfloor heating applications, Celotex FF4000 is available in a broad range of thicknesses from 50mm – 125mm and in a board size of 1200mm x 2400mm.
The 75mm thick Celotex GA4000 was used in the cavity walls of the steel framed building – fitted between the external concrete walls and internal block walls. These durable and extremely lightweight boards, available in a range of thicknesses from 50mm to 100mm and a standard board size of 1,200mm x 2400mm, are easy to cut to fit using hand tools making them ideal for a speedy application.
Now complete, Celotex has played a crucial role in such a unique building. The bold lines and modern architecture of the striking new Hepworth Gallery will undoubtedly be a fitting home for an outstanding collection of British art and will including original sculptures by the gallery’s namesake, Barbara Hepworth, who was born in Wakefield and went on to become one of the greatest sculptors of the 20th century.