The buildings, on Fulham Road, were reduced to rubble in January 2011 and neighbouring properties sustained serious structural damage. The scene was described as “complete devastation”.
Ethos Construction Solutions, of Chesham, and sole director Pritish Lad, from Middlesex, were prosecuted last week by the Health & Safety Executive (HSE) after an investigation revealed a catalogue of serious issues.
Westminster Magistrates' Court heard that Ethos Construction, led by Mr Lad, was the principal contractor for a project to renovate and refurbish a self-contained block of 14 buildings on Fulham Road to create 56 new apartments and 13 commercial units.
Numbers 270 and 280, adjoining properties, collapsed without warning on Sunday 23 January. Because it was Sunday, there was nobody on site.
The fallen rubble and debris took several days to clear and Fulham Road was partially closed for several weeks while neighbouring buildings were made safe.
A prohibition notice was put in place to stop work until the site was stable.
HSE inspectors identified a number of safety failings in investigating the collapse. They included:
- Allowing existing structures to become weak and unstable. There was evidence of renovation activity within the collapsed buildings, including work on party walls and the demolition of rear extensions.
- Not assessing whether there was any evidence of a collapse risk.
- No temporary works plan for workers and no checks on whether workers were sufficiently trained and competent to undertake the work.
- The storage of large piles of bricks on several floors of still-standing buildings, which posed a potential over-loading risk.
- The poor installation and positioning of building props.
HSE also identified further issues elsewhere, including: an unsafe excavation up to three metres deep running the entire length of the development site; risks concerning working at height; fire risks because flammable materials were poorly stored and controlled; a failure to provide suitable emergency exits; insufficient fire detection and fire fighting equipment; and inadequate site security.
Two further prohibition notices were served.
Magistrates were told there was overwhelming evidence of dangerous working practices and poor planning and management, for which the principal contractor and director were ultimately responsible as duty holders.
Ethos Construction Solutions Ltd, of High Street, Chesham, Bucks, was fined a total of £14,000 and ordered to pay a further £9,000 in costs after pleading guilty to six separate breaches of the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 and a single breach of Work at Height Regulations 2005.
Pritish Lad, 34, of The Avenue, Hatch End, Pinner, Middlesex, pleaded guilty to five separate breaches of the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007 and the same Work at Height breach. He was fined a total of £9,500 with costs of £6,750.
After sentencing, HSE inspector Andrew Verrall-Withers said: "The development site was a scene of complete devastation following the collapse and had anyone been working at the time there could have been multiple fatalities and serious injuries.
"It is also good fortune that the collapsed building didn't come down in the direction of the busy Fulham Road, which could also have had tragic consequences.
"Thankfully that wasn't the case, but they are the only positive outcomes from the incident. The failings we identified at the site were shocking, both in terms of their scale and severity, and there were numerous risks elsewhere that could also have caused death or injury.
"This prosecution should serve to remind directors of construction companies that it is unacceptable to simply assume workers in their care are protected because nobody has complained that standards are poor, or because they have experienced managers on the ground.
"The onus is on them to ensure that all work is properly planned and managed, and that appropriate equipment, training and supervision is provided at all times. Ethos Construction Solutions and Pritish Lad fell well short of the required standards in this regard."