The Macallan is a leading brand of whisky owned by Edrington, which also owns Famous Grouse and Cutty Sark.
Completion of the new facility in Speyside, designed architect Rogers Stirk Harbour & Partners, is scheduled for spring 2017.
Robertson executive chairman Bill Robertson said: "We are delighted and honoured to have been selected by The Macallan to build their new world-class, iconic distillery and visitor centre. As a local business we have worked in the whisky industry for many, many years and fully understand the aspirations of the sector. Perhaps more importantly we have taken the time to understand The Macallan, the business, its objectives and its reputation for high quality in all it does.
“The project will be delivered in true partnership between ourselves and The Macallan and will result in a distillery and visitor centre which will become the benchmark for others to aspire to."
Edrington group operations director Graham Hutcheon said: "The new distillery will undoubtedly become one of the most talked about distilleries, not only in Speyside but globally, and we look forward to starting on site soon."